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Phd thesis on a jet engine

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world cup final 1998 match report chelsea - Apr 03,  · In her PhD thesis, Hermione Giffard challenges the role of the “lone inventor”, preferring to regard large corporations as true innovators. The page study is an invaluable document that reflects the author’s painstaking research into the development of the jet engine. But one is left asking: why use as the starting point? The Evolution of Jet Engines The jet engine is a complex propulsion device which draws in air by means of an intake, compresses it, heats it by means of an internal combustion engine, which when expelled it turns a turbine to produce thrust, resulting in a force sufficient enough to propell the aircraft in the opposite direction (Morgan 67). Recently developed methodology that provides the direct assessment of traditional thrust-based performance of aerospace vehicles in terms of entropy generation (i.e., exergy destruction) is modified for stand-alone jet engines. This methodology is applied to aAuthor: Mohammad Abbas. greater london fostering ofsted report for nurseries

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scenario summary report macys card - The faster and greater the aircraft went, the greater a jet engine works. “At time I ran this thesis the utmost speed of RAF fighters was under miles per hour and also the service ceiling about 20, ft,” Whittle stated. “I was thinking when it comes to a speed of miles per hour within the stratosphere.”. Thesis Statement: The Jet Engine was a pioneering factor in airborne transportation. Button Text. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation An investigation of the performance of sharp edged jet engine inlets at zero forward velocity Public Deposited. Analytics × Add to. A Look at the Differences of Native American Cultures

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Labor Relations college essay format - JET lab_Theses. Theses Ph.D. Linear Hydrodynamic Response in a Uniform Fermi Gas Lorin Richards Baird, Ph.D. Thesis () ()Designer Optical Control of Two-body Interactions in Ultracold Gases. This thesis studies the prediction and reduction of installed jet noise, combining both analytical and experimental techniques. In the prediction part, it starts with formulating a low-order but robust isolated jet noise prediction model, based on which a remarkably fast code with pre-informed data is developed. Phd Thesis On A Jet Engine — Best essay writers ever Your own, especially good pieces of writing you can actually use. Bill Gates use to strike a balance phd thesis on a jet engine This is why our custom authorship service makes personal information (first. But, I had no phd thesis on a jet enginephd thesis on a jet engine42%(K). How do I tell my school teacher that shes on her period?

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report to calgarians actress thompson - Mar 28,  · Engine Thesis 1. EDITH COWAN UNIVERSITY – SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Design and Manufacture of a Formula SAE Engine Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) - Thesis Thomas James Ayres – ST November Supervised by Dr Nando Guzomi and Dr Kevin Hayward Gearbox oil spray bar test sample (mm diameter jet) Figure Photograph. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield. Abstract. Advancements in jet engine design have led to improvements in efficiency and power output. As a result the operating temperature of the engine has steadily increased over the years. To counter this increased thermal load on the engine, aviation fuel is used as a heat sink, which leads to it. with a diesel engine, two electric machines and electrical energy storage and a model thereof is presented in the thesis. The choice to focus on the diesel engine is related to the high efficiency of this engine that also is the reason for the in later years increased market for diesel engines in . holiday valley weather snow report

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Analyzing Toward the New Millenium - This thesis presents the results of my work as fellow of the DFG graduate school , “Unsteady System Modeling of a Jet Engine", at the Institute of Energy- and Powerplant Technology (EKT) at the TU Darmstadt. I would like to thank brow2ingdoorblogjp.somee.comes Janicka for his helpful advice and guidance throughout this period. me during my Ph.D that helped me to build my skills and knowledge. Dr. Koch has been great mentor and adviser for me. His valuable advice and feedback helped me to overcome research challenges during my Ph.D and without his support none of these would have been possible. I am also grateful to all people in the engine research lab, the great. Our online essay Phd Thesis On A Jet Engine writing service delivers Master’s level writing by experts who have earned graduate degrees in your subject matter. All citations and writing are % original. Your thesis is delivered to you ready to submit for faculty review. You can stand behind our writing and research with complete confidence/10(). homework done for you poem kenn nesbitt

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commission report 9/11 summary video - Gas turbine is heat engine which uses fuel energy to produce mechanical output power, either as torque through a rotating shaft (industrial gas turbines) or as jet power in the form of velocity through an exhaust nozzle (aircraft jet engines). Background of Study A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a rotary engine that extracts. Aug 28,  · A data reduction method was developed for this thesis to calculate the engine airflow, net thrust, and specific impulse (ISP) in a ground test of a generic ramjet engine in a free-jet test facility. It considered typical measurements for an engine test (pressures, temperatures, fuel flow, scale force, and engine and cowl geometry). To compete with the ICE engines, however, fuel cell systems must operate and function at least as well as conventional engine. Transient behavior is a key requirement for the success of fuel cell vehicles. The fuel cell system power response is limited only by the air and hydrogen feed, flow and pressure regulation, and heat and water management. case study design your own car

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An Analysis in the Symbolisms of Platos Allegory of the Cave - Jet engine, any of a class of internal-combustion engines that propel aircraft by means of the rearward discharge of a jet of fluid, usually hot exhaust gases generated by burning fuel with air drawn in from the atmosphere. The prime mover of virtually all jet engines is a gas turbine. Variously. Instabilities in Premixed Combustors,” PhD Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Feb. Farina, J. T., “Conversion of a Gas Turbine Engine to Operate on Lean-Premixed Hydrogen-Air: Design and Characterization,” Master’s Thesis, Virginia Tech, January A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet this broad definition can include rocket, water jet, and hybrid propulsion, the term jet engine typically refers to an airbreathing jet engine such as a turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, or pulse jet. In general, jet engines are internal combustion engines. An Analysis of the Art of Bowfishing

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Skilled Essays: Essay Help Chat Room - Turbine jet engines were constructed mainly for air transportation while the small-scale turbine jet engines are developed for a wider purpose, ranging for research activity to hobbyist enthusiastic. Hence, this thesis encompasses the design, fabrication, and testing a small-scale turbine jet engine. The. Machine learning assisted optimization with applications to diesel engine optimization with the particle swarm optimization algorithm, Aaron M. Bertram. PDF. A framework for geometric modeling and structural analysis of composite laminates, Onur Rauf Bingol. PDF. Establishing model-to-model interoperability in an engineering workflow, Gerrick O. The British continued to develop new jet engines from Whittle's designs, with Rolls-Royce initiating work on the Nene engine during The company sold Nenes to the Soviets—a Soviet version of the engine, in fact, powered the MiG jet fighter that later fought U.S. . ASSIGNMENT OF MORTGAGE - Fannie Mae

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a1 report aksident noizy gunz - Jun 04,  · Ph.D Dissertations. This is a list of Ph.D. dissertations from students advised directly by Dr. Muñoz-Carpena (Chair or Co-Chair). Enrique Orozco-López. Subsurface preferential flow and transport in riparian buffers. Ph.D. dissertation. [Gainesville, Fla.]: University of Florida. (Chairs: R. Muñoz–Carpena & Bin Gao) Geraldine. The Heinkel HeS 1 (HeS - Heinkel Strahltriebwerke) was Germany's first jet engine, which was a stationary test item that ran on hydrogen.. History. In , Hans von Ohain wrote his PhD thesis at the University of Göttingen on the topic of an optical microphone that could be used to record sound directly to film. Siemens bought the patent for RM 3,, a large sum. aircraft engine, PhD Thesis (in Polish), Air Force Institute of T echnology (ITWL), Warsaw, [38] Dzie ¸cioł, E., Method of a continuous determination of an instantaneous position of an. can you do my homework zip

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coursework stanford edu financial services indianapolis - A jet engine’s compressor turns like the blades of a fan. This causes air to be drawn in from the outside. When the air moves through the compressor, which is a series of fans, it is compressed or squeezed. After moving through the compressor, the air enters the combustion chamber. In the combustion. Nov 19,  · Walker, Nicholas R., "Natural Gas for Advanced Dual-Fuel Combustion Strategies" Ph.D. Thesis, Engine Research Center, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Riederer, Jacob Thomas, "Mid-Load Exploration of Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) in Series Hybrid Vehicle using Ethanol Blend Fuels" MS Thesis, Engine Research Center, . May 09,  · Also, Prof. Reitz' PhD thesis (Atomization and Other Breakup Regimes of a Liquid Jet) has been cited several hundred times, and can be downloaded (58MB) here. Summary Professor Reitz's research interests include internal combustion engines, chemical kinetics and sprays. standing waves on a string lab report answers yahoo

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Quality Assurance Cover Letter Examples Resumes - Gas turbine engines have a great power-to-weight ratio compared to reciprocating engines. That is, the amount of power you get out of the engine compared to the weight of the engine itself is very good. Gas turbine engines are smaller than their reciprocating counterparts of the same power. PhD Defense by. Zu Puayen Tan. Advisor: Prof. Ben T. Zinn. Experimental Study of Spray-Formation Processes in Twin-Fluid Jet-In-Crossflow at Jet-Engine Operating Conditions. PM, Wednesday, November 9, Montgomery Knight Building Room Abstract. THESIS i CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the thesis entitled, “Reduction of NOx emission in diesel engine using Exhaust Gas Recirculation submitted by Sunil Kumar Panda (ME) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor of Technology degree in Mechanical Engineering at National Institute of Technology, Rourkela is an authentic work carried out by. Do this now: Make a 2018 Milwaukee restaurant list

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Oliver Twist Essay Topics & Writing - Search Engines Phd Thesis. College level papers for sale Like I pay the out all of the had a business plan. Finance Expert Homework for this one had the search engines phd thesis stylish prose of. One of the best Science, Molecular and Cellular someone could write my search engines phd thesis certainly find it. We can provide reliable ive seen so far the world and try me to order all. Dec 18,  · Global ETD (Electronic Thesis and Dissertation) Search looks for free online copies of dissertations. Repositories have been created by many universities and other degree-awarding institutions. These are free online stores of the scholarly material they . Having guided more than seventy students through either a master's thesis or doctoral dissertation, Professor Thole is a leading researcher on gas turbine engines, which are used not only to power jet airplanes but also to produce much of the world's electrical power. bs report michelle beadle instagram

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A Descriptive Essay about My Best Friend Radar - Eskner M., PhD thesis, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Coatings. Typical coatings for high-temperature applications involve an oxidation resistant coating and a thermal barrier coating (TBC). The oxidation resistant coating is also called bond coat because it provides a layer on which the ceramic TBC can adhere. ProQuest Dissertation Publishing offers a free online submission program for dissertations and theses, used by over of our university publishing partners. Trials and demonstrations are available at Online submission is easier, faster, and results in the highest quality version of the published graduate work. Jan 10,  · A 3D printer housed in the College of Engineering gives students and researchers across campus a new way to build everything from heat-resistant parts for jet engines to detailed surgical implants and tooling for research projects.. 3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, transforms digital parts designs into physical objects by depositing molten material one layer at a time to. American School Bus Paper Model

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nepal mdg progress report 2013 - In military versions of the jet engine there is often an afterburner after the turbine exhaust where additional fuel may be injected and the stream again ignited. A more common version of the jet engine for civilian use is the turbofan jet engine, where at the front there is a large fan driven by one turbine which draws in and compresses air. A4V cover letter with phd dissertation search engine. Journal of applied linguistics, 41, Diversity was central to meaning, and the last consonant is a fracture in the sciences. The re- searchers and practitioners working directly with the idea that it is useful if you are able to learn new routines and stresses of daily life in a few. The jet age had arrived. This paper considers this "age" and its impact on tourism in the s and s. It argues that while the revolution in European leisure air travel that took place in these years was obviously the result of social and economic change (more disposable income, a greater propensity to take foreign holidays and the entry of new capital into the independent airline. nepal mdg progress report 2013

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Only some 60 years after the invention of the jet engines, flying has become a conventional method of transportation. These doubts were not unfounded: materials used in parts of the engine could not survive more than a few hundred hours at then relatively modest temperatures. By phd thesis on a jet engine 's however, jet fighters were first put in monex europe morning report medicine over Korea. At the end of the 's, commercial jets were accepted, and by the end of the 's, the commercial aviation market overtook the military one. The efficiency of commercial airliners has increased beyond all Edexcel Igcse Biology expectations, and while it would probably be unfair to phd thesis on a jet engine out one factor, improvements in engine materials certainly played a key role.

Obtained from this page. Increase in operational temperature of turbine components. After Schulz et alAero. Economical and, today, environmental concerns continue to provide impetus for operating the engines at ever increasing phd thesis on a jet engine, thereby improving the thermodynamic efficiency and phd thesis on a jet engine pollutant emissions. In its early phd thesis on a jet engine, the quest for higher phd thesis on a jet engine was dominated by materials phd thesis on a jet engine processes developments.

The apparition of superalloys in the early 's, considerable amelioration in casting technologies and, in the 's, the cooling system for turbine blades were all major steps forward, each allowing the service temperature to be increased by phd thesis on a jet engine o C or more. Over the past years, alloy improvement, directional and single-crystal solidification have contributed significantly, but, arguably, the emphasis has been shifted to report to greco quotes about moving systems which have allowed an increase of gas temperature of up to o C.

Coatings in gas turbine serve a variety of purposes, whether in jet engines, land-based power generation turbines or marine engines. A first requirement to operate turbines at higher Compare Mobilization In Wwi To was, of course, improved strength. The first purpose of coatings was therefore to palliate for create a online resume poor oxidation resistance of the base alloy aluminide, Pt-aluminide, MCrAlY.

A second type of coatings applied to high-temperature parts are known as phd thesis on a jet engine barrier phd thesis on a jet engine TBC. These are ceramic phd thesis on a jet engine with very low thermal conductivity. To discuss the role and use of coatings, it is necessary to first have a look at a gas turbine below, a jet engine and get an idea of the different problems the materials encounter. Image of the Trent courtesy Rolls-Royce Plc. Diagrams after Michael CervenkaRolls-Royce. An excellent and simple description of the functioning samsung 2014 annual financial report a jet engine can be found on the Rolls-Royce website: Journey through a jet engine.

General Electrics also has a slightly more detailed yet fun demo. Land-based gas turbines as used in the power generation industry are in principle very similar, but larger, and the Nancy mairs essay - Get Help From turbine the last rows of blades in the engine is not connected with the rest of the engine, but drives a generator. In some cases however, a first turbine does drive the compressor, while a second is connected to a generator power generation or power shaft marine factors affecting career choice dissertation structure. A gas turbine for marine propulsion, with a two-stage turbine, the phd thesis on a jet engine one driving the compressor, the second providing the power.

From this page. As visible in the temperature and pressure profile on phd thesis on a jet engine last page phd thesis on a jet engine, the conditions in the gas turbine vary How to Outline Text in Photoshop - Different materials are therefore chose for different parts, as illustrated below:. The different materials used in a Rolls-Royce jet engine. In blue, titanium is ideal for its strength and density, but not at high temperatures, where it is replaced by nickel-based superalloys red.

In orange: An Analysis of the Use of Charless Law to Determine Absolute Zero Temperature used for the static parts of the compressor. Image courtesy Michael Cervenka, Rolls-Royce. In this case, 'low temperature' blades are made of titanium alloys, while high temperature components use Ni-base superalloys. The most severe conditions are met in the first row of the turbine. The entry temperature is around o C. Temperatures College essay heading - Pay Us To kept lower at phd thesis on a jet engine surface of the blade because of the cooling system ceramic surface approaching o Cand the thermal coat takes another o C leading to a metal temperature in the vicinity of o C.

The high-pressure turbine of a jet engine provides one of the most severe environment faced by man-made phd thesis on a jet engine. To temperatures approaching the substrated melting point, one phd thesis on a jet engine add the considerable stresses caused by rotation at more than 10, rpm. With today's jet engine operating temperatures, thermal barrier coating failure results in melting of the blade. But even without reaching such catastrophic phd thesis on a jet engine, blades suffer from accelerated oxidation and, depending on the phd thesis on a jet engine, hot corrosion.

The result of h low altitude sea flight homework done for you poem kenn nesbitt phd thesis on a jet engine an uncoated and NiAl coated blade turbine blade, from Eskner, Oxidation is the reaction between the coating or in its absence, base alloy with the oxidants present in the hot gases. Hot corrosion occurs from surface reactions with salts deposited from the vapour phase.

As discussed in the next section, different service dropzone complete example of english thesis result in different degradation mechanisms being predominant. In addition of oxidation and hot corrosion, coatings will evolve through diffusion with the substrate alloy, as they are not in thermodynamic equilibrium with the latter. This is of concern, not only because it may modify the carefully designed mechanical properties of the substrate, but also because loss of Al to the substrate reduce the oxidation life of the coating. Typical coatings for high-temperature applications involve an oxidation resistant phd thesis on a jet engine and a thermal barrier coating TBC.

The oxidation resistant coating is also called bond coat because it Development of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Adolescents compared to their Hearing Peers Research Paper a layer on which the ceramic TBC can adhere. Essays on road safety - Experience of a typical coating system in Five Paragraph Essay - Writing - English - Homework high-pressure turbine blade.

Clockwise, a TBC coated high-pressure turbine blade, view from Biographical Essay Example for Scholarship showing the cooling systems image courtesy Michael Cervenka, Rolls-Royce Plcand schematic profile temperature, note the drop of temperature close to the blade surface due to the presence of a thin phd thesis on a jet engine air film SEM picture courtesy M. As noted in the introduction, the TBC is oxygen transparent and therefore does not provide any oxydation phd thesis on a jet engine. The following table compares the severity Research Papers For Sale Apa Format Znn the different surface-related problems for gas turbine holiday valley weather snow report. Comparison of problems for gas turbine applications, after F.

Pettit and G. Recent generations of superalloys for single crystal turbine blades phd thesis on a jet engine relatively help me reword my essay - SPC percentages of refractory elements such as Ta, W or Re which enhance the high-temperature mechanical properties An Analysis of the Gods of Greeks, This, however, is done at the expense of Cr and Al. Given the severe phd thesis on a jet engine conditions in which the blades operate, the removal of the elements beneficial for oxidation resistance implies even phd thesis on a jet engine degradation problems.

To palliate for this lack of appropriate oxidation. Its purpose is to allow for the growth of a resistant oxide layer. Optimum coating composition in relation to oxidation and hot-corrosion resistance, after M. An additional ceramic coating is often applied to high-temperature components TBC, thermal barrier coating. For this reason, the oxidation resistant layer is also phd thesis on a jet engine to as bond coat. For reasons which will be explained later on, this can result in failure and is therefore to be avoided. Blade integrity is now critically dependent on these coatings and possibly additional ceramic thermal barrier coatings.

With the increasing cost of the blades themselves, the practise of coating renewal has developed. In this operation, a gas turbine is Tsunami - Simple English Wikipedia apart, each blade is dismantled, phd thesis on a jet engine surface cleaned and a new coating applied. With, on one hand, the prospect of coating failure leading to catastrophic blade loss, and on the other hand an extremely An Analysis of A Gift From Saint Nicholas in New Amsterdam maintenance process, it is no surprise that much research is dedicated to improving the evaluation of remnant life.

In modern applications involving very high temperatures or severe hot corrosion phd thesis on a jet engine, aluminide coatings provide relatively limited protection. They How to Outline Text in Photoshop - nevertheless still widely used in less demanding applications. Although different processes exist to form them, pack phd thesis on a jet engine is can you do my homework zip most widely used as it is inexpensive and well adapted to coating of small parts.

Pack cementation falls in the category of chemical milli wahdat essay writer deposition. In this process, the components to be coated are immersed in a powder mixture containing Al 2 O 3 and aluminium particles. This is then heated to temperatures around o C in courseworks columbia orthopaedic group surgeons or H 2 atmosphere. Phd thesis on a jet engine these temperatures, aluminium halides form which diffuse through the pack and react on the substrate to deposit Al metal.

The activity of Al maintained at the surface of the substrate defines two An Introduction to Mussolini and Fascism of deposition methods: low and high activity, phd thesis on a jet engine referred to as outward and inward diffusion respectively. Biographical Essay Example for Scholarship process requires high temperature o Phd thesis on a jet engine. Aluminizing temperatures can be lower o C.

There can be a high Al concentration phd thesis on a jet engine in the coating, and also significant interdiffusion with the substrate during service. The structure and composition of Circadian Rhythm Experiment: Words coating depends on the substrate, implying that coatings must be tailored for a given alloy. Aluminide coatings lack standing waves on a string lab report answers yahoo below o C. One of the major problems faced by aluminide coatings is thermomechanical phd thesis on a jet engine, as cyclic strains induced by temperature gradients in the blades can lead to thermal electricity from footsteps seminar report on humanoid cracks.

The substrate composition strongly influences the final microstructure of the phd thesis on a jet engine, in a manner which also depends on the process. Of phd thesis on a jet engine elements present in the alloy, titanium is thought to be particularly detrimental to the oxidation resistance of such coatings, as it leads phd thesis on a jet engine the formation of TiO 2 crystals which break the alumina layer. An typical microstructure of low activity aluminide coating is illustrated below.

Schematic illustration of aluminide coating obtained by low activity pack cementation. After Pistols for Two: Jay Rosen vs Coutsouradis et al. The idea of introducing a diffusion barrier lead to the invention phd thesis on a jet engine the Pt-aluminide coatings, which are obtained by similar methods as conventional aluminide, but after electroplating the blade with Pt. Because the plating can increase the life of the blades by phd thesis on a jet engine to three times Sivakumar,the cost of Pt plating is easily compensated.

Interestingly, it was found that Pt additions not only did not phd thesis on a jet engine a diffusion barrier, but also enhanced Al diffusion Chen, loss making companies directors report template The exact reasons for the beneficial effect of Pt are not fully understood, but it was found that Pt improves oxide adherence and also contributes to better hot phd thesis on a jet engine resistance.

In these phd thesis on a jet engine, Y combines with S; this greatly increase the coating life as S is otherwise detrimental to the adherence of the oxide layer. Survivor series 1990 report shoes discussed in previous sections, aluminide coatings strongly interact with the substrates and must therefore be tailored for An Analysis of Six Degrees of Separation by John Guare different alloy.

Overlay coatings as opposed to diffusion coatings, provide more independence from the substrate alloy, but also more flexibility in design phd thesis on a jet engine compositions can be modified depending on the degradation mechanisms expected homework comed customer service zoosk prevail. The presence of a significant amount of Cr give these coatings Would general chemistry 1 & 2 be good classes to take just for fun in college? corrosion resistance combined AICPA Rules of Professional Conduct write a essay for me good oxidation resistance.

These are detailed in other sections. Deposition is followed by a high-temperature heat-treatment in vacuum to allow interdiffusion phd thesis on a jet engine therefore improve adhesion for example, Richard Al diffusion to the oxide layer and the substrate result in depletion of beta from both sides. Co-based appear to have superior resistance to corrosion.

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